Several studies have emerged on the benefits of yoga practice for expectant mothers. These studies show how yoga reduces labor pain and delivery time while preventing pregnancy complications and promoting mental health. About 10 percent of women experience mental health problems during pregnancy that can increase the risk of delivery problems and low birth weight. By combating stress, anxiety, and depression, yoga helps reduce the risks caused by mental health issues.
A randomized study published in Preventive Medicine found that yoga prevented complications in high-risk pregnancies. In the study, which involved one hour of prenatal yoga three times weekly, participants experienced significantly fewer complications than women in the control group. Another benefit, according to the study, was the reduction of pregnancy-induced hypertension and gestational diabetes.
Thai researchers conducted a study on the relationship between prenatal yoga and pain. The study, published in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, found that women who practiced yoga in six one-hour sessions experienced reduced pain during labor and after birth, as compared to the control group. Additionally, the yoga group had a shorter average total labor time, especially in the first stage.